Here are my Top 11 key facts for the period between the end of the French and Indian War and the ratification of the Constitution:
1. STAMP ACT – French and Indian War left Britain with a huge debt;
Stamp Act intended to raise revenue
2. “NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION” – slogan embodies
the colonial protest against VIRTUAL representation; note that the
British never resolved the growing tension by offering the colonies
representation in Parliament
3. PAUL REVERE’S ENGRAVING OF THE BOSTON MASSACRE –
graphically illustrated the colonial view that the British soldiers were
merciless killers
4. COERCIVE ACTS – response to the Boston Tea Party; intended to
limit the autonomy of Massachusetts
5. BEN FRANKLIN QUOTE: “Emerged from the poverty and obscurity
in which I was born and bred, to a state of affluence and some degree
of reputation in the world.”
6. COMMON SENSE by Tom Paine – written to convince colonists to
break ties with the King (ie monarchy) and declare independence
7. COLONIAL VICTORY AT SARATOGA – led to the French alliance
8. ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION – created a UNICAMERAL
government ie a one house legislative body
9. NORTHWEST ORDINANCE of 1787 – banned slavery from the
Northwest Territory
10. SHAYS’ REBELLION – did lead to the call for a Constitutional
Convention; did NOT contribute to the American Revolution: similar
to the latter Whiskey Rebellion in that in both cases farmers
protested against what they believed were unfair taxes
11. GREAT COMPROMISE of 1787 – settled a dispute over representation in Congress
between the large and small states

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