Five key rebellions revealed the tensions in Colonial society. At least one of these rebellions is virtually guaranteed to appear on the June SAT II and the Makeup APUSH exam. So for purposed of easy review here are key facts about each of these six rebellions:
1. BACON’S REBELLION (1676) – Exposed tensions between former
indentured servants (ie the yeoman farmers) and the wealthy tidewater
gentry. The rebellion persuaded Virginia planters to abandon
indentured servants and turn to imported slaves.
2. PUEBLO REVOLT (1680) – Led by Pope. The Pueblo in the Southwest
successfully drove the Spanish out of their territory. However, the
Spanish returned a dozen years later.
3. STONO REBELLION (1739) – Slave rebellion south of Charleston,
South Carolina. Slaves hoped to reach Spanish controlled Florida.
However, militia captured the rebels. Led South Carolina to impose
strict slave codes.
4. SHAYS’ REBELLION (1787) – Sparked by frustrated Massachusetts
farmers who were losing their land because they could not repay their
debt to eastern creditors in hard currency. Helped convince Washington,
Madison, and Hamilton that the Articles of Confederation were too
weak and that the US needed a stronger federal government.
5. WHISKEY REBELLION (1794) – Farmers in western Pennsylvania
protested Hamilton’s revenue tax on whiskey. Washington quickly
suppressed the “revolt” thus demonstrating the power of the new
federal government.

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